Chalazia and Styes

They are two of the most common inflammatory diseases of eyelid glands. A stye is usually very painful but a chalazion is not. Due to an infected eyelash root, a stye often starts forming on the eyelid’s edge. Whereas a chalazion is originated, due to the presence of a clogged oil gland. A chalazion is located at a certain distance from the edge of the eyelid, in comparison to a stye. People with conditions known as blepharitis, which has been known to affect the edges of the eyelids, are in the most probable section, to get infected with either one of these conditions

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What is Chalazia?

Chalazia, also known as Chalazion (which is pronounced as kuh-lay-zee-on) can be defined as a lump that is of small size and grows at a slow rate.
They have been usually found to be less painful in comparison to several other bacterial infections, which occurs in the eye. It is caused by the stoppage in one of both the lower and upper eyelids. The meibomian glands are responsible for keeping the eyes moist. When one of these glands is not able to drain properly then the medical condition is known as “Chalazia” is developed. The elemental cause of the occurrence of chalazia is a particular situation where meibomian glands are affected by a virus. It is a chronic granulomatous enlargement of the meibomian glands of the eyelids. If “Chalazia” keeps reoccurring, then severe ailments can occur in the person’s successive ears. Adults who are between the age of 30 to 50, and have certain pre-existing conditions such as “rosacea or blepharitis” are most commonly affected by this form of a medical condition.

Symptoms of Chalazia:

When a person develops “Chalazia”, the following symptoms can be seen: –

  • The appearance of a chalazion is either in the form of a painless lump or it may occur as a swelling a person’s lower or upper eyelid.
  • In some rare instances, a chalazion can metamorphose into a red, swollen, and painful lump is the infection has been persisting for a certain period.
  • A person can also develop “chalazia”, due to viral conjunctivitis, it is highly contagious and can spread if a person has physical contact with the infected person’s eye secretions.
  • It may have tender, painful, or swollen eyelids.
  • The onset of tuberculosis, skin cancer, diabetes in a person also becomes a significant red sign for the occurrence of a Chalazion.
  • A person becomes increasingly sensitive towards the light.
  • The swollen eyelids start becoming red.
  • If the Chalazia becomes large, then a person’s vision may start getting blurry.

Causes of Chalazia

When a person develops “Chalazia”, the following symptoms can be seen: –

  • A Chalazion is formed on the eyelid when it’s oil-producing gland’s opening becomes congested. The eyelid starts to swell because of oil getting filled up inside the gland, which happens due to the gland being blocked.
  • A person developing Chalazion due to an infection is a rare instance but it still exists as a possibility.
  • The two red flags for the occurrence of a chalazion are “Blepharitis and Rosacea”.
    Rosacea is defined as the medical condition in which develops “small, pus-filled, red lumps”, on the face. People with this form of medical condition are severely prone to several forms of eye ailments such as “Chalazia” and “Blepharitis”.
    The actual origin of rosacea may be hard to find but surrounding ecosystems and some hereditary tendencies, are the most probable contributing factors.

Methods to avoid the formation of a “Chalazia”

  • A person must ensure that he washes his hands vigorously, before touching his eyes and his face, to ensure that there is no spread of any bacterial infection
  • A person must wash his face before going to bed/ remove makeup of any kind, to ensure that there is no spread of any kind of bacterial infection
  • A person must avoid using other person’s belongings of any kind, to avoid the spread of any kind of bacterial infection.

Treatment of “Chalazia”

  • In the early days of the formation of a “Chalazion”, certain home remedies mentioned below can be used as a form of cure, which has been mentioned below:
    – Use a warm compress for softening any coarsened oil, which is stuck in the gland ducts of the eyelid.
    – Start massaging your eyelids in a very gentle manner, for a certain number of minutes in a day, so that the oil ducts can drain smoothly
    – Ensure that the particular area is immaculate, where the chalazion has started to drain, and also a person must ensure, that there is no physical touch with the eyelids
  • Certain over the counter treatments are available, for chalazia and sometimes a person can also procure, a certain number of ointments or medicated eye pads, as methods of effective treatment. An eye specialist must always be consulted, in this particular case, to make sure the prescription is correct.
  • In some cases of high severity, surgery becomes the utmost necessary option. For example:- If a Chalazion has been persisting on a person’s eyelid for a period of at least one to two months, then a surgical incision becomes the necessary course of action, so to avoid any further ailments of an eye in the future.
    The surgical procedure to remove chalazia does not take much time but only a span to 15 to 20 minutes. In the first step of surgery, the doctors make sure that the eyelid is numbed down by injection of a numbing agent and then begins with taking the bump and performing a small incision on it. After that, it is made sure that the fluid has completely drained, and then a nodule is used, for the elimination of the collected material
  • After the complete surgical procedure has been performed, the eye doctor can ensure the application of a pressure patch on the eye and also to prevent any kind of further infection, he may prescribe antibiotic cream, or eye drops to be used, for one week.
  • In the particular case of a non-infected Chalazia, the doctor may inject a corticosteroid (triamcinolone acetonide) into the cyst. It’s a form of effective treatment for a non-infected Chalazia.
  • In most cases, a chalazion goes away by itself, without the need for any kind of medical intervention.

Certain severe forms of medical anomalies can occur If a chalazion is not treated upon within a certain period. The complications have been mentioned below :

  • Pyogenic granuloma:-  They are skin growths, which appear in a small, round, and red color. These particular forms of skin growth contain a huge number of blood vessels, because of which they can bleed.
  • There can also be disfigurement of the eyelid.
  • There can be an occurrence of a certain type of eye infection, which is known as preseptal or periorbital cellulitis.
  • A Chalazia can also cause farsightedness.
  • In some rare cases, a chalazion occurs on the inside of the lower eyelid and an eye specialist must be immediately consulted, to ensure the treatment at the correct time.

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