Squint is a form of medical condition, which causes the eyes to either Diverge (Turn out), Converge (Turn in) or turn downwards or inwards. It is a basic misalignment of the eyes, which can occur in any direction.
Facts about SQUINT
- Dysfunctional extraocular muscles.
- Faulty Nerve Signals to the eye muscles.
- Eye having problem in focusing on objects.
- It could also happen due to some brain disorder, which leads to poor coordination between the eyes.
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What are the various categories of squint?
Squint has been categorized into various types, depending on the basis of the direction of the squinting eye:
- Hypertropia:- In this category of Squint, the eye turns upwards and the visual axis of one eye is higher than the other fixating eye.
- Hypotropia:- In this category of Squint, the eye turns downwards and the visual axis of one eye is lower than the other fixating eye.
- Esotropia:- In this category of Squint, the eye turns inwards. This condition can be present in the eyes, for a long time and can give the particular person a form of “cross-eyed appearance”.
- Exotropia:- In this category of Squint, the eye turns outwards. This medical condition can also be hereditary
- Concomitant squint:- In this category, the squint occurs in every direction of vision with a high severity level and the possibility of double vision is very diminishing
- Concomitant squint:- In this category of Squint, the angle of severity varies in every direction of the person’s gaze
Correcting Amblyopia (Lazy Eye)
Amblyopia correction is made by patching the good eye for a few hours every day so as to equalize the vision in both eyes. This procedure can be done for children, who are less than 10 years old.
Correcting Refractive Errors
Some particular forms of squints can be corrected by eyeglasses, contact lenses, or surgery. Our team of skilled medical specialists will assist you by providing the best solution.
In this, one or more of the outside eye muscles are moved or tightened, which results in the movement of the eye, which further causes the eye position to change. One or more surgical procedures may be needed for cosmetic correction and the creation of the perfect vision.
What are the Symptoms and signs of squint?
The typical symptoms that could signify a “neuro-ophthalmological” problem include:
- The most obvious and common symptom of Squint is that two eyes always point in opposite directions
- When an infant is looking at a person with either one eye closed or he turns his head while looking, then in both cases the infant can have double vision and a possible squint
- This eye condition some time results in poor vision, blurred vision, which can further lead to total blindness
- The primary sign of squint is that the eye is not straight
- Another significant symptom can be the presence of faulty depth perception in the eyes of a person
- It can be hereditary in children
- Sometimes there can be the presence of double vision, which means that a person is seeing two sets of the same objects
- In certain cases, the brain starts ignoring the signals sent by one eye to the other, to avoid double vision
- A person can have split vision when he is able to see perfectly from one eye but can only see the half an image from the other eye
- Due to the occurrence of eye strain, the eyes start feeling fatigue due to extensive use such as looking at a computer screen for an extended period of time
How to tell if my Child has a squint?
Children are either born with a squint or they develop it in early childhood. Most kids develop this condition between the ages of 1 to 4 and in rare cases, up to the age of 6. It becomes very difficult, to detect the presence of squint in the eyes of a newborn, due to the fact that their eyes cross and wander, in their initial years.
However, an important thing to be focused upon is that their eyes should straighten out by 4 to 6 months.
Sometimes, however, it is very easy to detect the presence of squint, as the eyes seem to be pointing in very different directions. In addition to this, you could also notice the presence of a squinted eye, when kids focus on something close, For example:- inanimate objects like a toy or a puzzle.
Eye squints produce discomfort, encompassing the occasional double vision or blurry vision but kids cannot understand the presence of a squint. It is generally noticed by parents, relatives, or a health care professional
- An “Orthoptic Check Up”, inclusive of “PBCT + Synaptophore+ Diplopia Charting+ Maddox”, will cost Rs. 500.
- The sessions of “Orthoptic Exercises”, by trained eye care professionals, will cost Rs.1200. The total duration of the sessions will be 15 days and these sessions are an effective mode of treatment for “Squint”.
- The cost of a “Squint surgery” for treatment of a single eye muscle, will cost Rs.20000.
- The cost of a “Squint surgery” for treatment of both eye muscles, will cost Rs.25000.
We also provide charitable services for the “underprivileged sections of society” because we believe in making the world a more happier place to live in.
So an individual who is in need of eye treatment, but is unable to afford the treatment expenses, can come to our hospital and his entire treatment will be done “free of cost or at a very nominal price”.
Frequently Asked Questions
There is a painless, gradual decrease in vision. An early cataract is associated with difficulty in reading in normal light conditions, and extra illumination is required. Excessive glare and reduced sharpness can make night driving difficult. Some experience a rapid change in the number/power of glasses.
In advanced cases, there is a complete loss of sight and the lens becomes pearly white.
If you experience any of the following issues, schedule an appointment with your eye doctor immediately:
- Cloudy or blurry vision
- Double vision (diplopia)
- Fading of colours
- Seeing halos around lights
- An increased sensitivity to glare
- A distortion of vision that makes objects appear as if you’re looking at them through a veil.
Cataracts are the world’s leading cause of blindness, accounting for approximately 42 percent of all cases of blindness in all the countries, luckily its easily treatable in the present age through a simple surgery.
Some infants are also afflicted by cataract, which is caused as a result of infections during pregnancy. The disorder can also be a symptom of metabolic disease affecting the body’s processing of carbohydrates, amino acids, calcium or copper among infants and young kids. If left untreated, cataracts might also lead to blindness.
There is usually no visible scarring, but at times the white of the eye can have a degree of redness. You may go home with an eye pad and shield, or just a shield. The pad can be removed after the first hour. The shield should be worn at night for the first week.
The eye may feel gritty, and sometimes you may experience some mild headache. These symptoms are common. The discomfort should rapidly improve over the next 24 hours. There should be no worsening of your symptoms. If your discomfort or a headache should deteriorate, you should contact your doctor immediately.
Your vision will normally be much better on Day 2. Sometimes there can be some blurring or misting in the eye, but this should improve over the day. If you feel your vision is becoming more blurred, contact your hospital immediately.
If you take part in a sport that risks a poke in the eye, you should discuss returning to these activities with your surgeon before the operation. You should not go swimming for the first 2 to 4 weeks to minimize the risk of infection. When cycling in the first few weeks following surgery, keep your sunglasses on to reduce the impact of dust.
Every person recovers differently and has different needs. Surgery normally has a very quick recovery, and the majority of individuals can normally get back to work almost immediately.
Jobs that are more physically demanding and involve exposure to liquids or dust might require a more graduated return to full activities, but are best discussed with your surgeon.
The lens which is placed in the eye is of fixed power. The power of the lens for a particular eye is calculated with the help of an eye ultrasound. After surgery, routine distance activities can be carried out without glasses. For reading, glasses would be required.
You may opt to choose for lenses that provide you a vision for distance and near. In such cases, dependency on glasses is reduced.
Cataract surgery has now become a refractive surgery, and the goal is not just to remove the opacified cataractous lens but also to reduce dependency on glasses.
Routine surgery can only correct the spherical component of the eye leaving behind the cylinder power which has to be later corrected by additional prescription glasses.
With advancements in surgical techniques and IOL (artificial lens) designs, today both spherical and cylinder components of the eye can easily be corrected with the highest precision.
The cylinder component in Cataract Surgery can be corrected by three ways
- LRI or Limbal Relaxing Incisions: In this technique, a Femto Laser is used to give highly precise incisions at the periphery of the cornea to induce cylinder correction. Since these incisions are given by a laser, it can only be coupled with a Femto Cataract Surgery.
- Toric Lenses with Verion Digital Axis Marking: Toric lenses are special lenses which have both cylinder, and spherical component build in one lens. Since cylinder axis varies in individual eyes, the lens has to be aligned to the specific axis of the individual. In such cases, even a minor deviation from the original axis can cause significant disturbance in final visual outcomes. Now with the introduction of Verion Digital Axis Marking system, these toric lenses can be aligned with outmost precision, up to 1 degree.
- Toric Lenses with Manual Marking: As discussed above, the final visual outcome in a toric lens depends on how precisely it is aligned to the original cylindrical axis of the eye. Since the manual markings cannot be as precise as digital markings, the manual system may give slightly inferior results compared to the digital system.