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What is Retinal Detachment?
The retina is a light-sensitive membrane located at the posterior part of the eye. When light passes through your eye, the lens focuses a picture on your retina. The retina converts the image to signals that it sends to your brain through the optic nerve. The retina works with the cornea, lens, and other parts of your eye and brain to supply normal vision.
Retinal detachment occurs when the retina separates from the rear of your eye. This causes loss of vision which will be partial or total, depending on what proportion of the retina is detached. When your retina becomes detached, its cells could also be seriously deprived
of oxygen. Retinal detachment is a medical emergency. Call your doctor right away if you suffer any sudden vision changes. There’s a risk of permanent vision loss if the retinal detachment is left untreated or if treatment is delayed.
Types of Retinal Detachment
Rhegmatogenous ( Tear/ Hole in Retina)
This is the most common sort of detachment of the retina. If you’ve got a rhegmatogenous detachment of the retina, you’ve got a tear or hole in your retina. This allows fluid from within your eye to slide through the opening & move behind your retina. This fluid separates the retina from the pigment membrane that gives your retina with nourishment and oxygen. Without oxygen your retina detaches.
Tractional retinal detachment (due to diabetes)
A tractional detachment of the retina occurs when connective tissue on the retina’s surface contracts and causes your retina to tug faraway from the rear of your eye. This is a less common type of detachment that typically affects people with diabetes mellitus. Poorly controlled DM can cause issues with the retinal system, and this vascular damage can later cause connective tissue accumulation in your eye that would cause retinal detachment.
Exudative detachment (other causes)
In exudative detachment, there are not any tears or breaks in your retina. Other Retinal diseases cause of this sort of detachment:
- a swelling disorder causing fluid accumulation behind the retina
- cancer behind your retina
- Coats’ disease, which causes abnormal development within the blood vessels such that they leak proteins that build up behind your retina.
Symptoms of Retinal Detachment
There’s no pain related to detachment of the retina , but there are usually symptoms before your retina becomes detached. Primary symptoms include:
Retinal detachment risk factors
Risk factors for retinal detachment include:
Retinal Detachment Diagnosis
To diagnose retinal detachment, your doctor will perform a thorough eye exam. They’ll check:
- Your vision
- Your eye pressure
- The physical appearance of your eye
- Your ability to see colors
Your doctor may additionally test the power of your retina to send impulses to your brain.
Your doctor may also order an ultrasound of your eye. This is a painless test that uses sound waves to create an image of your eye.
Retinal Detachment Treatment
Retinal tearing and detachment are treated using retinal surgery which is combined using laser and retinal freezing techniques. In most cases, surgery is important to repair a retinal detachment. For minor detachments or tears of the retina, other safe easy procedures are available. But with all procedures you can’t reverse the damage. You just try to limit the damage in future via freezing or laser:
Retinal Laser (Photocoagulation)
The doctor usually uses this procedure before the stage of retinal detachment is reached i.e. only a tear or a hole. This process is called “photocococogulation”, where the doctor directs the laser into the eye through a dilated pupil, the laser causes burns around the retina, which scar and seal off the tear so that detachments do not occur. And the damage is contained.
Cryopexy is freezing with an intense cold. For this treatment, your doctor will apply a freezing probe outside of your eye within the area over the retinal tear site, and therefore the resulting scarring will help hold your retina in place.
Pneumatic retinopexy is used to repair minor detachments. For this procedure, your doctor will put a gas bubble in your eye to assist your retina to withdraw into place up against the wall of your eye. Once your retina is back in its original position, your doctor will use a laser or freezing probe to seal the holes.
For more severe detachments, you’ll need to have eye surgery in a hospital. Your doctor may recommend scleral buckling. This involves placing a band around the outside of your eye to push the wall of your eye into your retina, getting it back to place for correct healing. Scleral buckling may be done in combination with a vitrectomy. Cryopexy or retinopexy is performed during the scleral buckle procedure.
Another option is vitrectomy, which is used for larger tears. This procedure involves anesthesia and is often performed as an outpatient procedure, but may require an overnight stay in the hospital. Your doctor will use small tools to get rid of abnormal vascular or connective tissue and vitreous, a gel-like fluid from your retina. Then they’ll put your retina back to its proper place, commonly with a gas bubble.
Retinal Detachment Treatment Cost
The complete cost of Retinal treatment depends upon the “type of procedure” that you go through. The cost of treatment varies between Rs.3,000 to Rs.50,000. Below are estimated cost of some of the procedure, injections, testing and surgery involved in treatment of retinal detachment:
|Retinal Treatment||Cost (₹)|
|Yag Laser (Single eyes)||2000 – 3000|
|Green Laser (Single Eye)||2000 – 3000|
|YAG iridotomy||2000 – 3000|
|Retinal Detachment Surgery||40000 – 45000|
|Vitrectomy||30000 – 40000|
Eye Mantra Foundation provides charitable retina treatment services. So an individual who is in need of retina treatment, but is unable to afford the treatment expenses, he can come to our hospital and his entire treatment will be done “free of cost or at a very nominal price”.
Best Retina Hospital in Delhi
India has one of the best eye hospitals for Retina surgery such as AIIMS, Sankara Nethralaya, LVPEI and Eye Mantra. Eye Mantra is one of the leaders in Retinal detachment treatment with over 1,000+ eyes operated so far by its doctors.
At Eye Mantra, we offer the best retina treatment in India. Our wide range of services includes retina care with retinal detachment treatment, based on laser and other surgical procedures at an affordable cost in Delhi-NCR.
Our experienced retina specialists conduct a comprehensive eye examination to detect and assess the severity of the disease through extensive tests.
Retina laser surgery at Eye Mantra is advanced and safe. We are among the top eye hospitals for retinal issues such as Diabetic Retinopathy, Retinal Detachment, Retinal Vascular Occlusions, Age-Related Macular Degeneration, Retinitis Pigmentosa, Retinopathy, and Retinoblastoma.
Dr. Poonam Gupta
Cataract, Squint, Lasik
Dr. Neha Wadhwa
Dr. Shweta Jain
Cataract, Retina, Glaucoma, LASIK
Dr. Lalit Chaudhary
Retinal detachment is a medical emergency. Retinal detachment occurs when the retina separates from the rear of your eye. This causes loss of vision which will be partial or total, counting on what proportion of the retina is detached. When your retina becomes detached, its cells could also be seriously bereft of oxygen.
We can not say that retinal detachment is so common. Out of 10,000 people, 6-8 of them suffer from this.
Conventional argon laser, also known as the slit lamp laser, which has been used since the 1960s. Modern lasers such as Green Lasers are more accurate and secure.
Risk factors of the disease include:
- Posterior vitreous detachment, which is common in older adults
- Extreme nearsightedness, which causes more strain on the eye
- A family history of retinal detachment
- Trauma to your eye
- Being over 50 years old
- Prior history of retinal detachment
- Complications from cataract-removal surgery
- Diabetes mellitus
If not treated on time and in a right way, retinal detachment can lead you to total blindness. Even a partial detachment can block your vision.
Retina surgeons treat retinal detachment. Your retina doctor will examine your eye condition, and provide you with the best course of treatment. At Eye Mantra, Dr. Shweta Jain, a retina specialist with her team has been successfully providing retina eye care services for over 10+ years now.
No, surgery is the only option once your retina has gone through detachment. No diet, eyedrops or medications are going to help you with this.
There are different types of treatment given to patients suffering from retinal detachment, as per the need. They are: Retinal Lasers, Photocoagulation, Cryopexy, Retinopexy, Scleral buckling, & Vitrectomy
Yes, if not treated at the right time, the detachment in the affected eye can cause problems in the other one also.
There are multiple good retina doctors in India. Eye Mantra has some of the top retinal detachment doctors / surgeons. Dr. Shweta Jain is one of the best retinal detachment specialists in India. Dr. Shweta Jain has successfully performed more than 1000+ retinal detachment treatments so far. The results from the Eye Mantra retinal detachment surgery program turns out to be better for many people.