RETINAL DETACHMENT

The retina is a light-sensitive membrane located at the posterior part of the eye. When light passes through your eye, the lens focuses a picture on your retina. The retina converts the image to signals that it sends to your brain through the optic nerve. The retina works with the cornea, lens, and other parts of your eye and brain to supply the normal vision.

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RETINAL DETACHMENT

The retina is a light-sensitive membrane located at the posterior part of the eye. When light passes through your eye, the lens focuses a picture on your retina. The retina converts the image to signals that it sends to your brain through the optic nerve. The retina works with the cornea, lens, and other parts of your eye and brain to supply the normal vision.

Retinal detachment occurs when the retina separates from the rear of your eye. This causes loss of vision which will be partial or total, counting on what proportion of the retina is detached. When your retina becomes detached, its cells could also be seriously bereft of oxygen. Retinal detachment is a medical emergency. Call your doctor right away if you suffer any sudden vision changes. There’s a risk of permanent vision loss if the retinal detachment is left untreated or if treatment is delayed.

Retinal tearing and detachment of the retina are treated using retinal surgery which is combined using laser photocoagulation and retinal freezing cryopexy techniques. EyeMantra provides a treatment that is best for patient necessity. Eye Mantra have ophthalmologists like Dr. Shweta Jain who has been contributory providing quality eye care and many other eye doctors who have successfully performed retinal surgeries without any complications

SYMPTOMS OF RETINAL DETACHMENT

There’s no pain related to detachment of the retina , but there are usually symptoms before your retina becomes detached. Primary symptoms include:

  • Blurred vision
  • Partial vision loss, which makes it seem as if a curtain has been pulled across your field of vision, with a dark shadowing effect
  • Sudden blaze of bright light that appear when looking to the side
  • Suddenly seeing many floaters,

TYPES AND CAUSES OF RETINAL DETACHMENT

There are three types of retinal detachment:

  • Rhegmatogenous
  • Tractional
  • Exudative

Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment

If you’ve got a rhegmatogenous detachment of the retina, you’ve got a tear or hole in your retina. This allows fluid from within your eye to slide through the opening and obtain behind your retina. The fluid separates the retina from the retinal pigment epithelium, which is that the membrane that gives your retina with nourishment and oxygen, causing the retina to detach. This is the foremost common sort of detachment of the retina.

Tractional retinal detachment

A tractional detachment of the retina occurs when connective tissue on the retina’s surface contracts and causes your retina to tug faraway from the rear of your eye. This is a less common type of detachment that typically affects people with diabetes mellitus. Poorly controlled DM can cause issues with the retinal system, and this vascular damage can later cause connective tissue accumulation in your eye that would cause retinal detachment.

Exudative detachment

In exudative detachment, there are not any tears or breaks in your retina. Retinal diseases like the subsequent cause of this sort of detachment:

  • a swelling disorder causing fluid accumulation behind the retina
  • cancer behind your retina
  • Coats’ disease, which causes abnormal development within the blood vessels such that they leak proteins that build up behind your retina.

WHO IS AT RISK FOR RETINAL DETACHMENT

Risk factors for retinal detachment include:

  • Posterior vitreous detachment, which is common in older adults
  • Extreme nearsightedness, which causes more strain on the eye
  • A family history of retinal detachment
  • Trauma to your eye
  • Being over 50 years old
  • Prior history of retinal detachment
  • Complications from cataract-removal surgery
  • Diabetes mellitus

DIAGNOSIS OF RETINAL DETACHMENT

To diagnose retinal detachment, your doctor will perform a thorough eye exam. They’ll check:

  • Your vision
  • Your eye pressure
  • The physical appearance of your eye
  • Your ability to see colors

Your doctor may additionally test the power of your retina to send impulses to your brain.

Your doctor may also order an ultrasound of your eye. This is a painless test that uses sound waves to create an image of your eye.

TREATMENT OF RETINAL DETACHMENT

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In most cases, surgery is important to repair a retinal detachment. For minor detachments or tears of the retina, an easy procedure could also be wiped out of your doctor’s office.

Photocoagulation

If you’ve got a hole or tear in your retina but your retina remains attached, your doctor may perform a procedure called photocoagulation with a laser. The laser burns around the tear site, and therefore the resulting scarring affixes your retina to the rear of your eye.

Cryopexy

Cryopexy is freezing with intense cold. For this treatment, your doctor will apply a freezing probe outside of your eye within the area over the retinal tear site, and therefore the resulting scarring will help hold your retina in place.

Retinopexy

pneumatic retinopexy to repair minor detachments. For this procedure, your doctor will put a gas bubble in your eye to assist your retina to withdraw into place up against the wall of your eye. Once your retina is back in its original position, your doctor will use a laser or freezing probe to seal the holes.

Scleral buckling

For more severe detachments, you’ll need to have eye surgery in a hospital. Your doctor may recommend scleral buckling. This involves placing a band around the outside of your eye to push the wall of your eye into your retina, getting it back to place for correct healing. Scleral buckling may be done in combination with a vitrectomy. Cryopexy or retinopexy is performed during the scleral buckle procedure.

Vitrectomy

Another option is vitrectomy, which is used for larger tears. This procedure involves anesthesia and is often performed as an outpatient procedure, but may require an overnight stay in the hospital. Your doctor will use small tools to get rid of abnormal vascular or connective tissue and vitreous, a gel-like fluid from your retina. Then they’ll put your retina back to its proper place, commonly with a gas bubble.

RETINAL LASERS

The doctor usually resorts to this procedure before the stage of retinal detachment is reached i.e. only a tear or a hole. This process is called “photocococogulation”, where the doctor directs the laser into the eye through a dilated pupil, the laser causes burns around the retina, which scar and seal off the tear so that detachments do not occur.

Types of lasers used in the process

  • Conventional argon laser, also known as the slit lamp laser, which has been used since the 1960s
  • Modern lasers are more accurate and secure Advantages of laser operations
  • The cost of laser operations is relatively affordable
  • High levels of safety during the procedure and the most important characteristic of lasers is their high degree of accuracy
  • Modern lasers require fewer treatments after the procedure

BEST EYE HOSPITALS IN DELHI FOR RETINAL DETACHMENT

Eye Mantra Foundation is the best hospital for Retinal Detachment. Opt for the most precise and advanced retina laser surgery & treatment at Eye Mantra Foundation and get rid of blurry vision. Retina laser surgery is advanced and safe. Retina surgery at Eye Mantra Foundation is done at affordable cost with advanced technology and experienced doctors. Flashes of light, floaters, distortion of images, and curtain-like loss of vision may be symptoms of retinal problems. You must contact a retinal surgeon immediately. Retinal diseases may be inherited or acquired disorders. They can affect the young and old. Eg. Diabetic Retinopathy, Retinal Detachment, Retinal Vascular Occlusions, Age-Related Macular Degeneration, Retinitis Pigmentosa, Retinopathy Of Prematurity, and Retinoblastoma.

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