What is LASIK Eye Surgery?
LASIK, or Laser-Assisted Situ Keratomileusis, is a safe surgery for vision correction or eyeglasses removal. It is a corrective eye surgery done to treat abnormal conditions of the eye like Myopia, Hyperopia, and Astigmatism. In this laser eye surgery, a layer of the cornea called the stroma is reshaped so that the light focuses more accurately on the retina. This eye surgery uses cool ultraviolet rays with highly functional lasers and sophisticated tools to fix up the front portion of the eye. The laser treatment for eyes is generally a painless procedure and barely takes around 20 minutes for both eyes.
Which conditions can LASIK treat?
LASIK has been proven to be effective for resolving these errors in a superior fashion as compared to contact lenses and spectacles. The laser corrective eye surgery helps resolve the following issues:
Myopia [Near Sightedness]
Myopia or nearsightedness is a condition of the eye in which the eye can focus nearby objects perfectly but far-away objects are not focused properly. This could lead to problems like not being able to identify faraway objects along with headaches & eye strains. In the laser eye surgery correction for myopia, the aim is basically to flatten the cornea to help focus the light properly onto the retina.
Hyperopia [Far Sightedness]
Hyperopia or FarSightedness is in many ways the reverse condition of myopia, where the eye can distinguish far-away objects clearly but nearby objects are hard to visualize. Like myopia, Hyperopia, if not attended to quickly can cause severe headaches and blurred vision. In the laser eye surgery for hyperopia, the objective thus becomes to elongate the eye and make the cornea a little bit steeper in order to increase the focusing power of the eye.
Astigmatism might sound like a very complicated term but it basically means that the eyes are not completely round. Basically, in astigmatism, the curvature of the eyes is not completely symmetrical and the cornea is irregular. Irregularities in the cornea cause light to scatter around and cause distortions in visions. In the corrective eye LASIK surgery for astigmatism, the curvature of the eye is made smooth and in symmetry by selectively reshaping the irregular portions of the cornea.
LASIK Eye Surgery Procedure
During the LASIK procedure, a specifically trained eye surgeon:
- First forms a rigid, thin hinged corneal flap using a microkeratome.
- Pulls back the flap to show the underlying corneal tissue
- Use excimer laser to reshape the cornea in a unique pre-specified pattern
- Put back the flap smoothly onto the underlying cornea without stitches
The LASIK procedure itself usually takes about 20 minutes. Plan to have someone drive you home after surgery.
LASIK Eye Surgery Benefits
About half the population of India has a vision problem. But, this is now easy to correct as LASIK surgery provides a safe and proper solution for practically all vision problems. Some of the benefits for LASIK surgery are:
- Long-lasting results to a patient’s improved eyesight.
- Get improved looks without glasses
- Get rid of spectacles / contact lenses
- Painless, bladeless, safe and US-FDA Approved.
- Quick recovery as a patient can get back to his normal schedules in a day after surgery.
- Vision is improved almost in a day after surgery.
- No dressings or stitches are expected after LASIK surgery.
Laser / LASIK Eye Surgery Options
This is the base standard for LASIK surgery. Under this method, the cornea flap is created using a blade.
Femto LASIK (Blade free)
It is an advanced version of Standard LASIK and the most high-level LASIK surgery today. Instead of using a blade to create the corneal flap, a Femtosecond laser is used to create the flap. The whole process is completely automated. A high level of protection and efficiency is guaranteed with Femto LASIK.
SMILE is a flapless, bladeless, and dressings-free surgery. The recovery takes a few days, about 7 – 10 days. The dry eye aftereffects of the surgery are less with a SMILE.
ICL / Implants
ICL is the most advanced vision correction procedure adopted worldwide. The aspherical lens is fixed and placed over the natural lens of the eye surgically for vision correction errors asking remarkable results.
An improvement in spectacle removal surgery also recognized by Contoura LASIK. The high level of accuracy with the surgery is majorly due to the topographical mapping of the eye. Contoura works on the visual axis rather than the pupillary axis. This treatment on the visual axis brings intensified visual clarity.
As a mainstream treatment for weak eyesight, LASIK is a safe procedure with very rare complications. Laser Specs removal surgeries performed by us have served people to leave their spectacles forever.
LASIK vs Contoura Vision vs SMILE
- Clear Vision
- US – FDA certified
- Femto Laser + Excimer Laser
- Fastest Visual Recovery – Provides a Perfect Effect
- Digital tracking while Laser delivery
- Re-treatments possibilities
- Keen Vision Possibilities – Beyond 6/6
- US – FDA certified
- Femto Laser + Excimer Laser + Topolyzer
- specs Power rectification + Corneal Irregularities rectification+Visual Axis Treatment
- Quick Visual Recovery – Presents everyone a Wonderful Effect
- Standard Vision
- US – FDA authorized
- Only Femto Laser
- specs Power Correction Possible Only
- Healing takes 5-12 days – No great Effect
- Manual Tracking – No Digital Tracking
- Re-treatments probable
Criteria for LASIK, Contoura Vision, Or ICL
|Eye Glasses Power||Spec Remove Procedure|
|-1 to -8||All Laser Procedures (ICL, Contoura & LASIK)|
|-8 to -18||ICL|
|+1 to +5||Contoura Vision/LASIK|
|+5 to +10||ICL or RLE|
LASIK Eye Surgery Cost
LASIK eye surgery procedure costs depend greatly on the procedure that you go for. The more advanced the technology the higher the cost. Though, the cost also involves the expertise and education of the ophthalmologist performing the surgery. Only a few eye experts in India have the training and experience to do such procedures.
Eye Mantra hospital is one of the top eye hospitals offering LASIK eye surgery at the best prices. Standard Blade LASIK starts at ₹15,000. Bladeless LASIK procedure in Delhi may vary in cost between ₹75,000 and ₹90,000 (approx.) Of course, the exact cost will vary according to the complexity of each case and the procedure used. Here’s a comparison on the cost:
|Standard LASIK||15,000 – 30,000|
|C LASIK||30,000 – 40,000|
|I LASIK (Bladeless)||80,000 – 90,000|
|Contura Vision (Bladeless)||100,000 – 130,000|
|Smile (Bladeless / Flapless)||100,000 – 130,000|
Best eye hospital for LASIK Surgery
There are multiple good hospitals for LASIK Laser surgery in India, including L.V. Prasad Eye Institute in Hyderabad and Sankara Nethralaya in Chennai, AIIMS and Eye Mantra. Eye Mantra Eye Centre is deemed to be the best place for LASIK Laser surgery in Delhi & the NCR region.
At Eye Mantra, we are a team of skilled ophthalmologists who’re skilled in performing the LASIK, SMILE, Contura and ICL surgeries for everyone who uses spectacles or contact lenses.
If you are not satisfied with the contact lens and need to get relieved from wearing glasses- Then you can get LASIK laser, SMILE, Contoura Vision, or ICL done at Eye Mantra at affordable costs.
Glasses, Contact Lenses Or Laser Surgery – What’s Right?
Are you confused between glasses, contact lenses and LASIK surgery? Well, the answer primarily depends on 2 things : Preference and Budget:
Some people like wearing glasses, or contact lenses. Therefore, there is no need to go for the surgery. In case you do not plan to wear glasses then you can go for contact lens or LASIK laser, SMILE, Contoura Vision, and many more procedures. They are the best way to remove Specs and are an easy process without any pain.
Specs removal or LASIK Surgeries are costly. An eye surgery at a good center shall start at around 30,000. So glasses or lenses would cost you around 2000-3000 a year, at the same time. So if you have that budget, you can go for the specs removal surgery.
LASIK surgery is a procedure that eliminates and decreases the requirement of glasses or contact lens. An excimer laser gently reshapes the cornea with computer-controlled accuracy to fix nearsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism.
The LASIK surgery is performed to correct vision problems like Myopia (Nearsightedness), Hyperopia (Farsightedness)and Astigmatism.
LASIK surgery starting cost is Rs 15,000/- per eye but can go up to Rs.2 Lakhs.
LASIK surgery usually takes 15-20 minutes for each eye and all depends on the vision problem you are having.
To know that you are an eligible candidate for LASIK surgery, you must have these things :
- At least 18 years of age.
- History or findings of active corneal disease.
- Wanting periodic changes in the prescription of your glasses or contact lenses.
- Some conditions and medicines, steroid drugs may cause irregular changes in your vision.
- Have large pupils and dry eyes
Preparations before coming for LASIK
- Put the antibiotic eye drops in both the eyes as recommended by your eye doctor, 6 times a day, one day before the procedure.
- Do not use perfumes, powder, makeup on eyes and face on the day of LASIK.
- It is preferable to stop using contact lenses 1 week before surgery. A small relaxation is permissible in consultation with your doctor
- Wash your hair on the day of LASIK so that you don’t feel the urge to wash them for the next 2-3 days.
- Take a normal light meal before coming for LASIK.
LASIK procedures are very safe. These procedures are also US -FDA approved certification, which means they have been given safety clearance for Human Eyes. However, like any other surgical procedure it can have some complications which are extremely rare if a proper screening check is done prior to the procedure.
Some patients might experience mild dryness in eyes which is usually relieved by lubricating drops and disappears over time. Some may also experience temporary halos during night time which also reduces with time. Immediately after LASIK one might experience mild heaviness and blurring of vision. These are due to the effects of numbing eye drops used during the procedure. All these are rare and can be easily managed by your doctor.
No, LASIK surgery is not a painful procedure. Many patients experienced that there is no feeling of pain with their LASIK surgery. Anaesthetic drops are applied to fully numb the eye before LASIK eye surgery. Before surgery, you may be provided with a mild sedative to give a relaxed feeling to the candidate.
Yes, many patients find it much more helpful to have both eyes treated on the same day.
Yes, the distance correction is moderately permanent following laser vision correction. But with the growing age, the changes will occur regardless of whether you had LASIK surgery or not.
FDA-approved laser vision correction processes like LASIK surgery. It has a higher predictability of the final result with a lower percentage of complications. Moreover, older non-laser procedures typically included manually performed surgeries rather than automatic lasers for correction.