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What are Pediatric Ophthalmologists?
Paediatric ophthalmologists are the doctors who diagnose, prevent, and treat all kinds of eye related ailments in children. Just as a special doctor is needed for the child’s good health, even the eyes of a child require special care. It is because the states in terms of eye care are totally different from that in adults.
Reason to consult Pediatric Ophthalmologists
Pediatric Ophthalmologists specializes in eye conditions in kids. There can be multiple reasons or condition for which you need to take your kid to such a doctor:
The brain-eye connections are not fully developed in childhood, so any deprivation of vision in early childhood, if remains uncorrected, can result in lazy eye or amblyopia. This means that the visual potential of the child becomes limited, and even proper corrective glasses cannot help if it’s late. Amblyopia therapy is critical in the early years of life.
The congenital anomalies or disorders of development show up in the early years of life. These can range for refractive errors which merely require corrective glasses, to squint, misalignment of eyes, congenital nasolacrimal duct block, ptosis or lid droop, and even cataract and glaucoma.
Infants who are born prematurely with less birth weight also have a prolonged tumultuous stay in the newborn nursery. There is a chance for a disease called Retinopathy of Prematurity. RoP is conceivably vision threatening and must be screened for in these high-risk times.
In settings of malnutrition, children are susceptible to Vitamin A deficiency, and its attendant eye problems including dry eye, corneal ulcers, and even blindness. Fussy and choosy eaters may also sometimes be deficient in some micronutrients despite being healthy and well-fed otherwise.
Children, because of their active lifestyle and playing outdoors are more prone to eye allergies and trauma.
TV viewing, increased screen time and video games have given rise to a particular set of concerns in this age group.
There is a set of eye tumors and malignancies that are typical of infancy and childhood like retinoblastoma.
Cataract Surgery in Children
Pediatric cataracts can happen in 1 eye -unilateral or both eyes-bilateral, at the time of birth, or occur sometime after birth.
Cataracts can be partial at birth and later growth to become visually vital. In contrast to adults, cataracts in children show a special challenge. The earlier the onset, and the longer the duration of the cataract, the worse the prognosis.
With new techniques and material in the treatment of congenital cataracts and improved surgical and clinical management, visual prognosis has improved. Now ophthalmologists operate as early as the first week of life and visually rehabilitate the child with either glasses or contact lenses.
Cataract surgery in children is done under general anesthesia. It involves the removal of the cataractous (opaque) crystalline lens. This is often accompanied by other surgical measures to ensure the clarity of the central visual axis, which can otherwise get obscured by the ‘after cataract’ (collection of inflammatory cells and fibrous tissue) formation.
Paediatric Eye Treatments at Eye Mantra
The eye specialists and the ancillary team at Eye Mantra Eye Centre are fully aware that our children require special nurturing and care to thrive.
Our team of eye care professionals is happy to partner with you in your efforts to ensure the best eye care for your child.
Eye Mantra Eye Centre offers ethical child vision care, with the insight of compassion that is the hallmark of the patient care with the group. The expert services and eye tests for children, in a supplement to primary eye care, include:
- Vision assessment and refraction under dilation
- Squint assessment and evaluation of binocular vision
- Amblyopia therapy
- Synaptophore assisted eye exercises for stimulating the eye muscles and binocular vision.
- Management of all childhood infections and allergies
- Trauma services
- Examination under sedation or anesthesia, if indicated. Comprehensive pre-anesthetic check-up and post-operative care.
- Glasses and low vision aids
- Surgical and medical management of childhood and congenital disorders, as indicated: congenital cataract, congenital ptosis, glaucoma, and squint.
Paediatric Eye Surgeries at Eye Mantra
The surgeries performed routinely by the pediatric eye surgeons at Eye Mantra hospitals include:
- Cataract Phacoemulsification with intraocular lens implantation with and without posterior capsulorhexis and vitrectomy.
- Intraocular lasers for RoP.
- Ptosis surgeries including sling surgery and other lid reconstructions.
- Squint surgeries including recti and oblique muscles, syringing and probing
- Trabeculectomy with MMC,
- vitreoretinal surgeries
- Retinal lasers.
Best Eye Hospital For Children
For your child’s eye care, Eye Mantra is the best eye hospital with some of the top pediatric ophthalmologists in Delhi. We understand the importance of healthy eyes and good sight for the overall development of a child.
They are not only exemplary in their professionalism and training, but also in their ability to befriend with your child, and ensure that the children look forward to a visit to the eye doctor.
The environment in the pediatric ophthalmology department is always relaxed, and the staff are always eager to play with the children, ensuring trouble-free and hassle-free eye check-up for your precious little ones.
There is a painless, continuous reduction in vision. An early cataract is linked with difficulty in reading in normal light situations, and additional illumination is needed. Schedule an appointment with their eye doctor instantly, if your child is experiencing any of the following issues:
- Cloudy or blurry vision
- Double vision (diplopia)
- Fading of colors
- Seeing halos around lights
- Increased sensitivity to glare
Pediatric cataract is a cataract found in children, which is a leading problem of childhood blindness. Untreated cataracts in children start to cause a great social, economic, and emotional load to the child. Etiology of pediatric cataract is different and diagnosis of particular etiology aids in prognostication and efficient management.
It is simpler and reliable to treat an immature cataract. Your doctor will probably recommend some eyeglasses to see clearly. As it matures, it leads to becoming harder needing more energy to do the same job. When you feel like the vision has gotten worse, you may need surgery.
The child should have an initial complete eye exam at 6 months of age. That is the parent’s responsibility. Then they should have their eyes tested at age 3. Also, just before they enter the primary grade — at age 5 or 6.
Here are several signs that show child may be undergoing vision problems and require glasses:
- Complaining of headaches or eye injury
- Rubbing eyes extremely
- Tilting head or covering one eye
Subnormal best-corrected vision also after spectacle correction points towards the chance of amblyopia. Vision can be tested in children by several innovative pictures, letter acuity or symbol charts. It is treated in children as young as 2-3 year old. In a very young child, the strength of an eye to take up and control fixation is an indirect sign of the presence or absence of amblyopia. In children, the eye deviation, big fixation choice of one eye also indicates amblyopia.
For children, general anesthesia is applied. The child will simply fall asleep. For adults only, regional anaesthesia or an eye block is mostly applied.