The external layer of the eye is called Cornea. It is one of the fundamental components of the human eye. As it allows the light to enter into the eye for one to have a clear vision. A cornea is usually 11mm in height and 12mm in length. The cornea further provides towards about 70 % of the focusing power of the eye. That is the principal reason why it is necessary to take care of the corneas.
Myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism are Refractive problems. They are produced due to a change in the shape of the cornea.
Problems concerning to the Cornea
There are many problems relating to cornea some of them are :
- Dry Eyes
- Corneal Abrasion
- Corneal Degeneration
- Corneal Ulcer
- Arcus senilis
Eyemantra Eye Centre: Cornea Surgery in Delhi
At Eyemantra Eye Centre, we deal with a lot of problematic corneal cases on a daily basis.
We have skillful and specialists surgeons who have various years of experience in dealing with several diseases linked to the cornea. They now all of the precautions and how to deal with eye problems and treat them in a simple, easy and hygienic manner. Their influence is on all over the health of a person’s eye.
Following the initial discussion with the patient, our doctors decide the complexity of the case and recommend a solution as per the state and the budget of a patient.
If there appears to be a necessity, the patients can get operated with the choice of cornea surgery. To preserve the overall health of the eye as well as to make sure that the infection does not enlarge to the additional parts of the face and body.
” Forget the stress, we are here to serve you the best!
Structure of the Cornea
There are five layers of the cornea which have different functions:
Epithelium – Maintains the Eye Healthy is the external layer of the cornea. That means that whatever external objects will come in touch with the eyes. They will have to reach the epithelium. It is formed up of regenerative cells which regularly shed and keep reforming from time to time. It has 2 main functions:
Bowman’s Layer – Guards the Eye It is also known as an anterior limiting membrane. Also, it is formed up with protein fibres which are called collagen. It is a strong layer that is among the epithelium and the corneal stroma and is made to preserve and protect the stroma.
Stroma – Gives a sharpness for Clarity It is the central layer of the cornea and provides towards around 90% of the all over the thickness of the cornea. It includes essentially of collagen fibrils and water along with interlinked keratocytes which are used for the repair and support of the cornea. There are 200 – 300 layers of collagen fibrils are provided in a parallel manner, and this is the principal reason that allows the cornea to be completely transparent.
Descemet’s Membrane – Gaurd from Infection It is the 4th layer of the cornea which is quite thin still very effective as it assists guard upon all infections or injuries. It is also named as a posterior limiting membrane. It is built up of collagen fibrils and departs the stroma from the corneal endothelium.
Endothelium – Manages the Fluids is the ultimate layer of the cornea which is in the inner part. It is built up of mitochondria-rich cells. Washed by aqueous humor, the endothelium’s main purpose is to hold a precise balance among the fluids flowing in and out of the cornea at every time. It is the layer that appears directly in touch with the iris and pupil of the eye.
Frequently Asked Questions
The specific conditions can affect the clarity of one’s cornea are :
- Hereditary situations such as Fuchs’ dystrophy.
- Chemical burns of the cornea or injury on an eye.
- Extreme swelling on edema of the cornea.
- Uncommon complications from LASIK surgery.
With its strength for a fast repair, the cornea regularly heals after maximum injury or disease. Still, when there is widespread damage to the cornea, the healing procedure may be increased.
Dr. Shweta Jain
Dr. Rajiv Mohan
Dr. Sanjiv Mohan
MS from Dharwad university, Belgaum.
Trained for higher surgical training in Scotland U.K for 2 years.
Experience: Dr. Sanjiv Mohan has an experience of over 18 years as an Ophthalmologist”