What Leads To Peripheral Vision Loss? Symptoms & Treatment

Peripheral Vision Loss

Feeling like you’re looking through a keyhole, where everything around the edges has faded into darkness? That’s what peripheral vision loss, or ‘tunnel vision,’ can feel like. It’s a condition that narrows your field of view, making it seem as though you’re viewing the world through a tunnel. If you’ve started bumping into things more often or missing out on objects that aren’t directly in front of you, you might be experiencing the early signs of this vision change.

In this blog, we’re going to unpack everything you need to know about peripheral vision loss. From understanding why it happens to spotting the symptoms and exploring the treatment options, we’ve got you covered. 

What Is Peripheral Vision?

peripheral visionPeripheral vision helps you see all the objects around you without moving your eyes.

But imagine if you could only see what’s right in front of you, like looking through a narrow tube. That’s what it’s like when someone has peripheral vision loss, or what some people call “tunnel vision.” Your side vision starts to disappear, and you’re left with a smaller window to the world.

  • Peripheral vision is super important for seeing everything around us without having to turn our heads.
  • It helps us walk around without bumping into things, catch a ball thrown from the side, or quickly spot a car coming from the side when crossing the street.
  • So, when you start losing this side vision, it can make daily stuff a lot trickier and even a bit dangerous.

This change can affect how well you get around, making it harder to move safely in crowded places or play certain sports. It’s why paying attention to changes in your side vision is really important for keeping you safe and helping you do your day-to-day activities.

Causes of Peripheral Vision Loss

Causes of Peripheral Vision LossSeveral health conditions can sneak up on you and lead to peripheral vision loss, making your world seem narrower. Here’s a look at some common culprits:

  • Glaucoma
    This is a big one. Glaucoma is an eye disease when the pressure inside your eye gets too high, damaging the optic nerve. It’s sneaky because you don’t feel it and don’t notice the vision loss until it’s quite advanced. Think of it as a slow drain on your side vision.

  • Retinitis Pigmentosa
    This condition is less common but pretty impactful. It’s a genetic disorder that affects how the retina responds to light, leading to a gradual loss of both peripheral and night vision. It’s like the lights are slowly turning off around the edges of your vision.

  • Stroke
    A stroke can affect various parts of the brain, including those that control vision. Depending on where the stroke happens, it might cause you to lose part of your field of view, making it hard to see to one side.

  • Brain Injuries
    Injuries to the brain, whether from accidents or conditions like tumors, can press on the parts that control vision. This pressure can lead to a loss of peripheral vision, depending on which vision pathways are affected.

  • Diabetic retinopathy
    It occurs in diabetic patients because high diabetes can result in a damaged retina. As high blood sugar restricts the functioning of the blood vessels properly. 

Peripheral vision loss isn’t always just about the eyes themselves; sometimes, it’s about the brain. So, here are some neurological conditions that can cause this kind of vision loss:

  • Brain Tumors
  • Multiple Sclerosis (MS), is a disease that affects the central nervous system, leading to the deterioration of the protective covering of nerves
  • Injuries to the brain, whether from accidents, falls, or impacts
  • Conditions like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease can also impact vision

Each of these conditions hits the eyes or the brain in a way that narrows your field of view, making it harder to see everything around you. Recognizing the signs early and getting treatment can help slow down the loss and protect your eyesight. So, if you’re noticing changes in your side vision, it’s a good idea to check in with an eye doctor who can help figure out what’s going on.

Symptoms to Watch For

Noticing changes in your vision early can make a big difference in managing peripheral vision loss. Here are some signs to keep an eye out for:

  • Difficulty seeing in dim light
  • Bumping into objects like furniture, doorframes, or people walking by your side more often 
  • You can’t see as much around you without turning your head
  • Missing objects or movements – miss catching balls from the side or don’t see people approaching from the sides

Being proactive about noticing these changes is crucial. Even small shifts in your ability to see around you can signal the start of peripheral vision loss. Therefore, catching these changes early can help you and your doctor take steps to manage your vision loss and keep you moving safely in your world.

Treatment Options for Peripheral Vision Loss

When it comes to tackling peripheral vision loss, the strategy often involves a two-pronged approach: managing the underlying condition causing the loss and addressing the vision loss itself. So, here’s an overview of the treatment options that might be considered:

Managing the Underlying Condition

Treatment Options for Peripheral Vision LossMany cases of peripheral vision loss are linked to specific health issues, like glaucoma, retinitis pigmentosa, or neurological disorders. For each of these, there are targeted treatments:

  • For Glaucoma
    Medications (in the form of eye drops) or surgery can be used to lower eye pressure and prevent further damage to the optic nerve.
  • For Retinitis Pigmentosa and Similar Genetic Disorders
    While treatment options are more limited, research into gene therapy and retinal implants is ongoing.
  • For Neurological Conditions
    Managing these often involves a broader medical approach, including medications to control symptoms or surgery to remove tumors.

Vision Rehabilitation

Regardless of the cause, vision rehabilitation can play a crucial role in helping individuals adapt to peripheral vision loss. This can include:

  • Training to Maximize Remaining Vision
    Techniques and exercises can help you make the most of your remaining vision, including how to scan your environment more effectively.
  • Use of Assistive Devices
    Special glasses, magnifiers, and adaptive technologies can help you navigate your environment and perform daily tasks.
  • Orientation and Mobility Training
    Professionals can teach you how to safely move around and perform activities of daily living with reduced peripheral vision.

Lifestyle Adjustments

Making changes to your home and daily routines can help minimize the impact of peripheral vision loss. This might include organizing your living space to reduce fall hazards and using high-contrast and large-print items for better visibility.

Support and Counseling

Adjusting to life with peripheral vision loss can be challenging. Support groups and counseling services can provide emotional support and practical advice for living with vision changes.

While peripheral vision loss can’t always be reversed, these treatments and interventions can help manage the condition, slow its progression, and significantly improve quality of life. If you’re experiencing symptoms of peripheral vision loss, consult with an eye care professional or neurologist to explore your treatment options and develop a plan tailored to your specific needs and circumstances.


in conclusion, navigating the world with reduced peripheral vision can be challenging, but understanding your condition and taking proactive steps toward management can make a significant difference. Whether you’re experiencing the early signs of vision loss or are in the midst of adapting to changes in your vision, it’s crucial not to overlook the health of your eyes.

If your eyes are signaling for help or if you’re concerned about changes in your peripheral vision, now is the time to take action and prioritize your eye health. Don’t wait for the signs to become more severe. 

At Best Eye Hospital in India, we’re dedicated to providing you with comprehensive care tailored to your individual needs. Our team of experts is here to support you through diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation, ensuring you receive the attention and care your eyes deserve.

Are your eyes craving attention? Take the first step towards safeguarding your vision. Book your free appointment with us today at 9711116605 and embrace a clearer, brighter future for your eye health.


Is the loss of peripheral vision serious?
Yes, loss of peripheral vision can be quite serious. It not only affects your ability to see the world around you but also can impact your mobility, balance, and overall quality of life. Peripheral vision loss can signal underlying health issues that may need immediate attention, such as glaucoma, retinal damage, or neurological disorders. Early detection and treatment are crucial to managing the condition and preventing further vision loss.

Can glasses help peripheral vision loss?
Glasses are generally designed to correct central vision problems and may not effectively restore lost peripheral vision. However, certain specialized eyewear and devices can help maximize the remaining vision for those with peripheral vision loss. For instance, prismatic lenses or side-vision awareness glasses can expand the visual field for some individuals. An eye care professional can provide recommendations based on the specific nature and cause of the vision loss.

What deficiency causes loss of vision?
Several nutritional deficiencies can contribute to vision loss. Vitamin A deficiency is the most directly linked to vision problems, including night blindness and severe eye conditions that can lead to blindness.
Other nutrients that are important for eye health include omega-3 fatty acids, and vitamins C and E, which support the health of the eye’s macula and overall visual acuity. A balanced diet is crucial for maintaining good eye health and preventing vision loss.

Can stress cause peripheral vision loss?
While stress itself is not a direct cause of peripheral vision loss, extreme stress, and anxiety can lead to temporary changes in vision, including episodes of tunnel vision, where peripheral vision is temporarily impaired. 

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