What Is Peripheral Vision?
Peripheral vision helps you to see all the objects placed around you without moving your eyes. It is something that you see with the corner of your eyes. Sometimes peripheral vision gets affected due to age-related issues or some eye disease leading to peripheral vision loss.
Peripheral vision loss occurs when you are not able to see things clearly until it is placed right in front of you. It is also termed as “tunnel vision”. It can affect your daily life activities and can create difficulties for you to see properly at night. Therefore, seek treatment immediately when you see a change in your vision to avoid further damage.
It can occur due to several poor eye health conditions like glaucoma. It also occurs due to migraines but it is just temporary and fades away with time. Make sure you consult a doctor at an early stage of vision problems otherwise it might lead to severe damage in the eyes.
Causes of Peripheral Vision Loss
Peripheral vision means seeing things with the corner of the eyes when these visions are affected you might have Peripheral vision loss. In such cases, you are not able to see objects clearly unless they are placed right in front of you. Several health conditions can lead to peripheral vision loss. Migraine is one such disease but it only leads to temporary vision loss but there is some disease that may lead to permanent peripheral vision loss.
Diseases That Cause Peripheral Vision Loss
• Glaucoma– This disease occurs when the eye pressure increases to the extreme. It damages the nerve carrying the signal from the eye to the brain which leads to disruption in the vision. It may lead to permanent vision loss. Therefore, early treatment is necessary to avoid such conditions.
Symptoms– There are no such symptoms of glaucoma but it mostly affects the edges of the eyes first.
• Retinitis Pigmentosa– It is a genetic disorder that damages the retina, the part of the eye where the image is formed. In such cases, you may have colour blindness or night blindness. It can occur at any age but most commonly it is found in teenagers and young adults. Most people who are affected by this disorder are found to be legally blind by the age of 40.
Symptoms– The first symptom you might notice can be night blindness. It first affects the outermost areas of the vision and then slowly affects the central vision.
• Stroke- It is a neurological type of vision loss, where your brain is not able to process the image formed but your eyes are working properly. In such cases, one side of each eye gets affected.
Symptoms- In such cases you might notice that when you glance at the mirror you are able to see only one side of your face.
• Diabetic retinopathy – It occurs in diabetic patients because high diabetes can result in a damaged retina. As high blood sugar restricts the functioning of the blood vessels properly.
Symptoms– Symptoms of Diabetic retinopathy disease include blurred vision, black spots in the vision, and maybe night blindness.
Symptoms of Peripheral Vision Loss
Some people experience peripheral vision loss suddenly whereas some experience it over time, depending on the cause. Some symptoms of peripheral vision loss are as follows:
- Bumping into objects.
2. Difficulty in navigating crowded spaces.
4. Trouble driving during the day as well as during the night
You can experience PVL in one eye or both eyes. Make sure you discuss all the symptoms with your eye doctor as it helps them to determine the cause.
Diagnosis of Peripheral Vision Loss
Your doctor will conduct eye tests to examine your vision and the occurrence of black spots in your vision. Your doctor will place a bowl-shaped device in front of you and ask you to wear a patch over one of the eyes. Then he will point flashlights at different points around the bowl. You have to press a button whenever you see the light without turning your head or moving the eyes. Similarly, then you will be asked to wear the patch on the other eye and the doctor will repeat the test again.
If you have any eye disease your doctor might repeat this test every 6-12 months to examine the change in your vision.
Treatment For Peripheral Vision
If you lose your vision due to glaucoma you cannot get it back. But you can decrease the rate of its damage by following certain things like you can do yoga, avoid poses that make you upside down as it increases the eye pressure.
If glaucoma is diagnosed early then you will be provided with some medications to reduce the eye pressure and if not diagnosed on time, then the only option left is surgery.
According to studies, Vitamin A helps in preventing vision loss as it slows down the rate of eye damage.
When To See A Doctor?
If you find it difficult to look at peripheries or you see any changes in your vision. Go and visit a doctor as soon as possible. Diagnosing any eye problem at its early stage makes it easy to prevent it. Most of the eye problems can be treated with a proper diet and eyeglasses. Still, it may vary from person to person. Consult your doctor to ensure your eye condition.
You can call +91-9711115191 or mail us at [email protected] to book a meeting with us. Our team of great and experienced ophthalmologists will always suggest what’s best for your eyes.