Eye Diseases In Children And Their Treatment

Eye diseases in children and their treatment

A Guide To Children’s Eye Diseases And Treatment Methods

Viewing things is very important at a small age and if children are suffering from vision problems, then it’s a matter of concern. It is a bit difficult to diagnose the vision damage at once but with the emergence of various techniques to operate, all the conditions related to the eye have become diagnosable and treatable. Now, let’s discuss the common eye diseases found in children and how a surgeon can operate and eliminate those diseases.

Common Vision Condition And Treatment

There are various eye-related problems that children can experience in their growing age, these include:




  • Astigmatism is a common Childhood Eye Disease that creates blurred vision. It happens when the cornea is unevenly shaped or sometimes because of the curvature of the lens inside the eye. An unevenly shaped cornea or lens blocks light from concentrating correctly on the retina. As an outcome can be seen -vision becomes blurred from any distance. This can lead to stress on the eye and headaches.
  • Astigmatism often happens with other vision diseases like myopia and hyperopia. Together these vision conditions are related to refractive errors because they change how the eyes bend or refract light.
  •  A comprehensive optometric test will involve testing for astigmatism. If needed, your optometrist can give eyeglasses or contact lenses that improve astigmatism by changing the way light enters the eyes.

Symptoms: Blurred vision

Treatments: Eyeglasses, Contact lenses, Orthokeratology, Laser, and another refractive surgery – Lasik surgery 

(h3)Epiphora can happen at any age. It may create a problem in one or both eyes.

  • The 2 principal causes of watering eyes are blocked tear ducts and extreme production of tears.
  • Epiphora indicates the overflowing of tears due to impairment of lacrimal drainage. This happens due to a disorder in the balance between tear production and tear loss.
  • Epiphora is often caused by tear film and ocular surface difficulties rather than by anatomical obstruction of lacrimal drainage.

Conjunctivochalasis is an under-recognized condition of the upper lacrimal system epiphora.

Symptoms: Diminished vision, Swelling around the eyes, and redness in the eye

Treatments: Antibiotic treatment, Eye drops, and Surgery




  • Hyperopia is also known as farsightedness.
  • It is a situation where a child can see objects from a great distance clearly than the object present near them. The condition is usually applied to hypermetropia preferably hyperopia.
  • Farsighted people usually have headaches or eye strain. Even may squint or feel fatigued when performing work in the near range.
  • This vision difficulty happens when light rays penetrating the eye focus on the back of the retina, rather than straight on it. The eyeball of a farsighted person is less than normal.

Symptoms: Eye strain, Headache

Treatment- Wearing eyeglasses, Contact lens, Squint eye treatment,  LASIK and CK surgery

Pediatric Cataracts

Pediatric Cataracts


  • A pediatric cataract is a becoming cause of childhood blindness. Blindness related to pediatric cataracts can be managed with early identification and proper management. Most cases are diagnosed in regular screening. Whereas some may be identified after the parents have seen leukocoria or strabismus.
  • The risks factor includes glaucoma, retinal detachment, infection, and the demand for more surgeries.
  • After surgery, children often need some order of contact lenses, intraocular lenses inserted in the eye, or glasses.
  • If amblyopia has occurred, the child may require patching. This treatment includes covering the stronger eye to stimulate vision in the weaker eye.

Symptoms: Gray or white cloudiness of the pupil, Red Eye and Nystagmus

Treatment– Cataract surgery and wearing contact lenses


  • A chalazion is a painless swelling on your eyelid. It can hit the upper or lower eyelid. Chalazia emerge from healed internal styes that no longer are dangerous. These cyst-like eyelid swellings form around an oil gland in the lid and can create red, swollen eyelids.
  • The chalazion is created by a blockage in one of the little meibomian glands of the top and below eyelids. The oil these glands help to moisten the eyes. Inflammation or viruses hitting the meibomian glands are the underlying reasons for chalazia.

Symptoms: Blurry vision, swelling in eyes & redness

Treatment– Antibiotics, Steroid shots, Surgery, Hot water compresses


  • Amblyopia occurs when one eye grows lazy because it is not getting as sharp a picture as the other eye. The usual common causes of amblyopia are strabismus, refractive error, droopy eyelid, and cataract.
  • It is a vision growing disorder in which an eye fails to reach normal visual acuity, even with prescript eyeglasses or contact lenses.
  • A usual cause of amblyopia is a misalignment of the eyes that condition is called strabismus.
  • Treatment of strabismic amblyopia includes strabismus surgery to adjust the eyes. This is accompanied by the use of an eye patch on the dominant eye.

Symptoms: Blurred vision in one eye, 

Treatment– Vision Therapy (orthoptics), Eye patches, Surgery, Atropine drops, and glasses

Amblyopia- Eyemantra


  • Myopia is a refractive error found in Children’s as an Eye Diseases. It is when the eye does not refract light well. Light does not converge perfectly so images are not clear. In myopia, close things look clear but far objects appear blurred.
  • The word myopia was added due to the habit of myopic people of half closing the eyelids while looking at far objects, so that they may have the support of a stenotic slit.
  • It happens if the eyeball is too large or the cornea is too rounded. As a result, the light penetrating the eye isn’t adjusted correctly, and far things appear blurred.
  • Refractive surgery can decrease or even reduce your need for glasses or contacts. The most popular procedures are done with an excimer laser.

Symptoms: Variation in blood sugar level, Eye strains, and headaches 

Treatment: Eye drops, Ortho-k or CRT, PRK or LASIK surgery, Eyeglasses, Contact lens

CRVO (Central Retinal Vein Occlusion)

  • The retina has one main artery and one main vein. The vein is called the central retinal vein. CRVO is a blockage of this vein that creates the vein to leak blood and excess fluid into the retina. This fluid often gets in the area of the retina contained for a central vision called the macula. When the macula is hit, the central vision may grow blurry.
  •  There are 2 types of CRVO – Ischemic CRVO and Non-ischemic CRVO and can be Children’s Eye Diseases.

Symptoms: Painless vision loss

Treatment: Anti-VEGF injections, PRP Surgery


All of the above are common Children’s Eye Diseases and they can be treated with medicines and various surgeries such as cataract surgery, squint treatment. There is no need to think much before taking surgery parents can easily take a personal loan or go for health insurance. Children are too small to face problems so take a step towards their health first.

Don’t take a chance with your children’s eyes, do contact our website  Eyemantra for various services related to surgery. We provide numerous services like Glaucoma SurgerySpecs RemovalComputer Vision Syndrome, and many more. To book an appointment call +91- 9711115191Or mail us at [email protected].

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